Bernard Gindroz is the owner of BMGI Consulting – Chairman ISO TC 268 “sustainable cities and communities”. He is the Chairman of CEN/CENELEC/ETSI Smart Cities and Communities et Chair of joint CEN/CENELEC TC on hydrogen in energy system. MCI Senior Advisor Energy Technologies & Standardization Energy, Transport, Smart Cities, Climate Change.
Last November, the European Commission adopted a European Strategy on Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS), a milestone initiative towards cooperative, connected and automated mobility.
The Strategy will make it possible to deploy vehicles that can “talk” to each other and to the
transport infrastructure on EU roads as of 2019.
The market potential of cooperative, connected and automated driving is estimated to be worth dozens of billions of euro annually and to lead to the creation of many new jobs. The Strategy, therefore, delivers on the Commission’s political priorities, notably its agenda for jobs, growth and investment, the Digital Single Market and the Energy Union.
The elaboration of the European Strategy on Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS) followed a bottom-up approach. It builds on the work of the C-ITS platform, a cooperative framework including national authorities and all relevant stakeholders, which was set up by the European Commission in 2014 in order to develop a shared vision on the interoperable deployment of C-ITS in the EU. The delivery of the Strategy will continue to follow such bottom-up approach. Standardisation development will be a key enabler towards meeting these major targets.
The objective of the European Strategy on Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems is to allow for a wide-scale commercial deployment of C-ITS as of 2019. This is expected to significantly improve road safety, traffic efficiency and comfort of driving, by helping the driver to take the right decisions and adapt to the traffic situation.
This Strategy focuses on those services that can be readily deployed in the short to medium run but display long-term benefits on road safety, sustainability and automation.
The main elements of this strategy are:
- Avoid a fragmented internal market
- Define and support common priorities
- Use a mix of communication technologies
- Address security and data protection issues
- Develop the right legal framework
- Cooperate at international level
A specific framework is needed to provide legal certainty to public and private investors, and to ensure that the necessary technical rules (services, communication technologies, standards, frequencies, security, data protection etc.) are widely applied, leading to interoperability and continuity of C-ITS services throughout the EU. This is why the Strategy includes the development of such a legal framework, in close cooperation with and learning from the experience of C-ITS deployment projects. Strong cooperation with European Standardization Organizations (ESOs) will be decisive for meeting the objectives. In that sense, the C-ITS market is developing globally; international cooperation is already taking place with Australia, Japan, Singapore, the US and within the G7 in areas such as research, security and the development and harmonisation of standards. The Strategy includes the continuation of cooperation with international partners and initiatives in order to learn from each other, in particular, the twinning of research and innovation projects.
The objective of the C-ITS Strategy is to facilitate the convergence of investments and regulatory frameworks across the EU, in order to see the deployment of mature C-ITS services in 2019. As such, the C-ITS Strategy is not an end in itself and work will intensify over the coming months.
Further down the line, it will also include the adoption of the appropriate legal framework at EU level by 2018 to ensure legal certainty for public and private investors, the availability of EU funding for research and development projects, and international cooperation with other main regions of the world or at G7 level on all aspects related to cooperative, connected and automated vehicles.
By Bernard Gindroz, Chairman ISO TC 268 “sustainable cities and communities” – Chairman CEN/CENELEC SFEM